Overview: Woven Greige Fabric


Woven greige fabric is unfinished and raw, yet to be cleaned, dyed, or bleached. The textile industry is dominated by two markets: greige woven and non-woven material suppliers and ready-for-dyeing (RFD) fabric suppliers. Griege is the purest form of fabric that directly comes from knitting or weaving factories. It is cheaper than RFD as it can be easily manipulated into various fabrics to suit buyers’ requirements. Greige fabric is usually used for making multiple consumer goods like uniforms, upholstery, aprons, and window treatments, and for different industry applications like making tents. Greige is also popularly referred to as grey fabric.

Properties of Greige Fabric

Greige fabric can be sourced from various types of yarn, including nylon, cotton, hemp, polyester, rayon, and polycotton.

Greige fabrics made from natural fibers such as cotton exhibit natural color tones, like off-white and beige. In contrast, synthetic greige fabrics appear whiter and shinier. The natural color of greige can be eliminated through washing, bleaching, dyeing, and chemical treatment.

Woven greige fabrics may vary in appearance and texture depending upon the fiber, weight, weave type, and intended usage of the end product.

The weight of greige fabric is calculated based on the number of threads woven per square inch. For example, if a fabric’s thread count is 100 X 80 or 180, it means 100 threads run horizontally, and 80 threads run vertically.

The weight of the greige yarn can also be measured in ounces per square yard. The standard range of fabric weight for consumer goods is 4.5 to 15 ounces.

Fabrics like cotton, chambray, voile, and poplin are lighter in weight, softer, and airier and weigh closer to 4.5 ounces per square yard. Heavier fabrics like canvas, denim, and wool weigh closer to 15 ounces per square yard. These fabrics are heavy but durable, sturdy, and rugged.

Good quality greige fabrics are denser and heavier because they are tightly constructed with more threads, leading to a higher thread count.

When it comes to the quality of greige fabric, the yarn threads are designated with serial numbers based on their length. The higher the number, the finer the fabric.

How the Quality of Greige Fabrics is Tested

Before you buy textile online in bulk, it is crucial to assess the quality of the woven greige fabric.

A standardized test procedure is used to determine the quality provided by woven and nonwoven material suppliers.

A textile Quality Controller (QC) usually performs the test. If you don’t want to hire a full- time professional in-house, you can look for an external consultant. The QC will collect a sample fabric at random and get it tested in a certified laboratory.

The lab report will include the results of yarn count and TPI. The QC might recommend and perform additional sample tests to prevent physical and visual rejections. The tests include contamination, hole, dead fiber, hairiness, hole, and slub. The fabric might also be dyed to check color fastness and cross out visual rejections.

Production Process of Woven Greige Fabrics

Greige fabric can be woven on either an electric loom or a traditional handloom. The construction of greige fabric encompasses several key steps:

 The process begins with fiber selection, which is crucial for determining the weight and specific attributes of the final fabric.

 Next, the selected fibers are spun into yarn through various methods, including ring spinning, open-end spinning, and air-jet spinning.

 After spinning, the yarn undergoes processes such as warping and sizing to prepare it for weaving. At this stage, the warp and weft yarns are ready to be woven into fabric on looms, which will define the fabric’s structure, texture, and pattern.

 Greige fabrics can be woven using different types of weaves, such as plain, oxford, diagonal, twill, and herringbone weaves, each contributing to the fabric’s construction.

 Following the completion of the weaving process, the greige fabric is carefully inspected to detect and correct any initial defects through processes like scouring, de- sizing, and, if necessary, bleaching.

After acquiring the greige fabric, both woven and nonwoven material suppliers can subject it to further treatments such as dyeing, printing, calendaring, brushing, and coating to improve its functionality and aesthetic appeal.

Best Place to Buy Textile Online

If you are in the global market to buy or sell woven greige fabrics online, TEXchange Global is an ideal platform. It is the world’s first fully interactive online textile trading platform catered to Greige Yarns and Fabrics. Whether you are interested in Cotton, Modal, Rayon, Linen, Poly Cotton or any other material, you can find it here. All you have to do is register your business, select your required specifications, post your offers or inquiries, and see responses and orders flowing in every day.

Greige Products Bought and Sold on TEXchange Global Daily

Twill: A twill weave is one of the most recognized fabrics for trading, known for its unique pattern of diagonal parallel weave style. You can trade all patterns and weight combinations of Twill greige fabrics on TEXchange Global.

  • Corduroy: Corduroy is a distinct and sturdy woven fabric known for its clearly distinguishable cord appearance. It is primarily used for apparel and furnishings and can be 100% cotton or blended. ​
  • Drill: Drill is a durable cotton fabric woven in a diagonal pattern. It is often used in men’s and women’s apparel, such as safari shirts, jackets, chef coats, and defense uniforms. Connect with our trading experts for an easy and convenient sourcing experience of drill fabrics.
  • Other Greige Fabrics Available for Trading: Plain, Satin, Tafetta, Bedford cord, Poplin, Gabardine, Canvas, Oxford, and Velveteen.

Before you sign up on TEXchange Global to buy textile online in India, it’s essential to understand your final use, assess the amount and timeframe needed for the greige fabric, consider your budget, and estimate the delivery time.

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